Atomistry » Carbon » Chemical Properties » Thiourea
Atomistry »
  Carbon »
    Chemical Properties »
      Thiourea »

Thiourea, CS(NH2)2

Thiocarbamide, Thiourea, CS(NH2)2. - Thiourea is formed by heating ammonium thiocyanate to 140° C., this salt undergoing an isomeric change analogous to that produced in ammonium cyanate by heat:


At the same time some guanidine thiocyanate, NH:C(NH2)2.HSCN, is produced, though a larger proportion of this latter substance is formed at 170°-180° C. The thiourea is freed from guanidine thiocyanate and unchanged ammonium thiocyanate by cold water, in which the thiourea is but sparingly soluble; it is then purified by recrystallisation from water.

A better method of preparation consists in heating carbon disulphide (6 grams) with ammonium carbonate (8 grams) in a sealed tube at 160° C., when the yield is quantitative.

Thiourea crystallises in rhombic prisms, and dissolves in eleven times its weight of cold water. When heated with water to 140° C. it reverts to ammonium thiocyanate. It forms salts analogous to those of urea; the most characteristic of these is the nitrate, CS(NH2)2.HNO3.

Last articles

Zn in 7VD8
Zn in 7V1R
Zn in 7V1Q
Zn in 7VPF
Zn in 7T85
Zn in 7T5F
Zn in 7NF9
Zn in 7M4M
Zn in 7M4O
Zn in 7M4N
© Copyright 2008-2020 by
Home   |    Site Map   |    Copyright   |    Contact us   |    Privacy