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Thiocarbonyl Chloride, CSCl2

Thiocarbonyl Chloride, CSCl2, is formed by the prolonged action of dry chlorine on carbon disulphide, and by heating phosphorus pentachloride and carbon disulphide together in sealed tubes at 100° C.:

PCl5 + CS2 = PSCl3 + CSCl2.

It may also be obtained by the reduction, by tin and hydrochloric acid, of CSCl4, which is a liquid boiling at 149° C. formed by the action of chlorine on carbon disulphide in presence of a little iodine.

Thiocarbonyl chloride is a strongly smelling liquid of density 1.5085 at 15° C. and boiling at 73.5° C. It is slowly decomposed by water.

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